AskDefine | Define anthracnose

Extensive Definition

This article is about the plant disease. For the human condition, see mouth ulcer.
Canker and anthracnose are general terms for a large number of different plant diseases, characterised by broadly similar symptoms including the appearance of small areas of dead tissue, which grow slowly, often over a period of years. Some are of only minor consequence, but others are ultimately lethal, and of major economic importance in agriculture and horticulture. Different cankers and anthracnoses are caused by a wide range of organisms, including fungi, bacteria, mycoplasmas and viruses. The majority of canker-causing organisms are tied obligately to a single host species or genus, but a few will attack a wider range of plants. Canker can be spread by weather and animals, making an area that even has a slight amount of canker hazardous.
Some cankers are treatable with fungicides or bactericides, but many are not; often the only treatment available is to destroy the infected plant to prevent the disease from spreading to other plants.
Some cankers:
anthracnose in German: Baumkrebs
anthracnose in Spanish: Antracnosis
anthracnose in French: Chancre (botanique)
anthracnose in Lithuanian: Deguliai
anthracnose in Turkish: Bakteri yaprak lekesi
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